2015年浙江研究生碩士英語真題深度解析—閱讀Text1

2014-12-29 16:27:09 來源:臺州中公教育 點擊量

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2015年這篇閱讀文章的選擇依然延續了考研英語選材的一貫做法,選自2014年6月4日《衛報》上一篇名為Is the writing on the wall for all European royals?(所有歐洲皇室注定要失敗嗎?)的文章。主要討論了西班牙胡安·卡洛斯國王退位這一事件對歐洲諸多皇室的影響,尤其是對英國皇室的影響。總體來說,作為今年閱讀題型的第一篇,文章在內容上難度稍大,尤其是里面涉及到了一些人名、地名的專有名詞以及非常地道的英式習語表達等等。但是,如果純就題目來說的話,難度倒不是很大,答案的出處也比較容易找到。接下來就文章具體的題目來進行深入的解析。

21、According to the first two paragraphs, King Juan Carl of Spain

[A] used to enjoy high public support

[B] was unpopular among European royals

[C] ended his reign in embarrassment

[D] cased his relationship with his rivals

答案:[C] ended his reign in embarrassment

解析:題目中明確提到答案的范圍是在前面兩段,而關鍵詞又是King Juan Carl of Spain,那么根據關鍵詞可以主要定位到第一段。在第一段中,對于King Juan Carl of Spain這個人的主要描述就是King Juan Carlos of Spain once insisted kings don’t abdicate, they die in their sleep. But embarrassing scandals and the popularity of the republican left in the recent Euro-elections have forced him to eat his words and stand down.

根據題目所給的四個選項,可以發現C項ended his reign in embarrassment(在窘迫中結束了他的統治)正好講的就是第二句話的內容:But embarrassing scandals and the popularity of the republican left in the recent Euro-elections have forced him to eat his words and stand down.(但是令人窘迫的丑聞以及在最近歐洲選舉中所呈現的共和制的盛行都迫使他食言而退位。)

至于其余三個選項:[A] used to enjoy high public support(過去受到民眾的高度支持)、[B] was unpopular among European royals(在歐洲皇室中不受歡迎)、[D] cased his relationship with his rivals(緩和了與對手的關系)在文章中都不曾提到。

22、Monarchs are kept as head of state in Europe mostly

[A] owing to their undoubted and respectable status

[B] to achieve a balance between tradition and reality

[C] to give voters more public figures to look up to

[D] due to their everlasting political embodiment

答案:[A] owing to their undoubted and respectable status

解析:從幾個選項來看,題目問“在歐洲君主被保持為國家首腦”的原因或目的。根據閱讀題型的命題規律,一般來說該題的答案定位應該是在接下來的第三段。而根據關鍵詞head of state有又可進一度確定為第三段。第三段中,第一句講It is this apparent transcendence of politics that explains monarchs continuing popularity as heads of states.(正是這種顯然的政治優越性才能解釋君主為什么能持續廣泛地擔任國家首腦。)這種優越性指的就是上面的monarchs can rise above “mere” politics and “embody” a spirit of national unity(君主能超越單純的政治而成為國家統一的精神代表)。由此,可以判斷[D] due to their everlasting political embodiment(由于他們永恒的政治代表性)是錯誤的,因為文章明確說明“君主不再是單純的政治代表”,除此之外,everlasting也帶有絕對性,因此可以首先排除。接下來第二句話講的是歐洲的皇室之多,與題目無關。第三句But unlike their absolutist counterparts in the Gulf and Asia, most royal families have survived because they allow voters to avoid the difficult search for a non-controversial but respected public figure.(但是不像海灣地區和亞洲絕對專制的君主,在歐洲大多數皇室都存活下來,因為他們讓選民不用歷經磨難就可找到一個不受爭議而備受尊重的公眾人物。)其實意思也就是說大多數的歐洲皇室都是不受爭議而備受尊重的,這正進一步解釋了他們為什么能持續擔任國家首腦,也就是[A] owing to their undoubted and respectable status。這里,undoubted= non-controversial,respectable= respected。此外,[B] to achieve a balance between tradition and reality、[C] to give voters more public figures to look up to 都是目的,而文章里面并沒有提到目的,因此可以排除。

23. Which of the following is shown to be odd, according to Paragraph 4?

[A] Aristocrats’ excessive reliance on inherited wealth.

[B] The simple lifestyle of the aristocratic families.

[C] The role of the nobility in modern democracies.

[D] The nobility’s adherence to their privileges.

答案:[C] The role of the nobility in modern democracies.

解析:根據題干,可得:答案定位在第四段;題目問“下面哪個是怪異的?”。在第四段中并沒有odd這個單詞,那么可以退而求其次找具有“怪異的”意思的單詞。由此,可以找到bizarre(怪異的)。整句話At a time when Thomas Piketty and other economists are warning of rising inequality and the increasing power of inherited wealth, it is bizarre that wealthy aristocratic families should still be the symbolic heart of modern democratic states.(有段時間托馬斯•品克以及其他經濟學家一直在向人們警示遺傳性財產的愈加不公平以及越來越大的權力,但是很怪異的卻是這些富有的貴族家庭竟然仍是現代民主國家的象征性核心。)由此,可得出[C] The role of the nobility in modern democracies.(在現代民主中貴族的角色)是該題的答案。其余三個都屬干擾選項。

24. The British royals “have most to fear” because Charles

[A] takes a tough line on political issues.

[B] fails to change his lifestyle as advised.

[C] takes republicans as his potential allies.

[D] fails to adapt himself to his future role.

答案:[D] fails to adapt himself to his future role.

解析:由題干的“have most to fear”以及Charles這兩個關鍵詞可將答案定位到文章的最后兩段。題目問的是“英國皇室最害怕如西班牙國王那般”的原因,而題干中也給出線索是因為查爾斯怎么樣。通過Charles可定位到句子The danger will come with Charles, who has both an expensive taste of lifestyle and a pretty hierarchical view of the world. He has failed to understand that monarchies have largely survived because they provide a service—as non-controversial and non-political heads of state.(危險來自于查爾斯王子,他既生活奢侈又堅持保有非常貴族的世界觀,而沒能認識到君主之所以能存活是因為他們提供了一種服務——作為不受爭議且不具政治性的國家首腦。)這種首腦的代表就是查爾斯的母親——伊麗莎白二世女王,段中提到It is only the Queen who has preserved the monarchy reputation with her rather ordinary granny style.(只有女王通過她平易近人的奶奶形象維護了君主制的聲譽),其實也就是暗指作為皇室其他成員的查爾斯王子沒有做到這一點。通過對比查爾斯與女王以及列舉查爾斯“生活奢侈又堅持保有非常貴族的世界觀”,意在說明查爾斯作為未來的英國國王還沒有做好準備、進入角色,也就是[D] fails to adapt himself to his future role.其余三個選項在文章中并沒有提及,屬干擾選項。

25. Which of the following is the best title of the text?

[A] Carlos, Glory and Disgrace Combined

[B] Carlos, a Lesson for All European Monarchs

[C] Charles, Slow to React to the Coming Threats

[D] Charles, Anxious to Succeed to the Throne

答案:[B] Carlos, a Lesson for All European Monarchs

解析:本題屬主旨題。全文通過西班牙國王退位事件來引入話題,全文大部分篇幅都討論了歐洲君主制是否會走向失敗這一論題,并解釋了君主制的優劣。只是在最后兩段中才將此話題切到了君主制在現實中的體現及問題,作為《衛報》文章,討論的當然就是英國君主制了。但是這并不是全文的主要內容,因此選項中可排除C、D選項。剩下A、B選項中,卡洛斯國王退位事件只是用來引入話題,并非全文都在討論這個國王本身,因此可排除A選項。因此答案為B,文章主講退位事件對歐洲其他皇室及君主的影響。

 

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2015浙江研究生碩士考試(數學)真題答案及解析一

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